These pages provide translations of the Linux man-pages, which have been extracted from perkamon v3.66-1. See the Download section to retrieve other releases. English pages are provided only to compare translations to original pages, better looking pages can be browsed at the Linux man-pages official site.

Table of Contents

getent(1)get entries from Name Service Switch libraries
intro(1)introduction to user commands
ldd(1)print shared library dependencies
locale(1)get locale-specific information
time(1)time a simple command or give resource usage
accept(2)accept a connection on a socket
access(2)check user's permissions for a file
acct(2)switch process accounting on or off
add_key(2)add a key to the kernel's key management facility
adjtimex(2)tune kernel clock
alarm(2)set an alarm clock for delivery of a signal
alloc_hugepages(2)allocate or free huge pages
arch_prctl(2)set architecture-specific thread state
bdflush(2)start, flush, or tune buffer-dirty-flush daemon
bind(2)bind a name to a socket
brk(2)change data segment size
cacheflush(2)flush contents of instruction and/or data cache
capget(2)set/get capabilities of thread(s)
chdir(2)change working directory
chmod(2)change permissions of a file
chown(2)change ownership of a file
chroot(2)change root directory
clock_getres(2)clock and time functions
clock_nanosleep(2)high-resolution sleep with specifiable clock
clone(2)create a child process
close(2)close a file descriptor
connect(2)initiate a connection on a socket
create_module(2)create a loadable module entry
delete_module(2)unload a kernel module
dup(2)duplicate a file descriptor
epoll_create(2)open an epoll file descriptor
epoll_ctl(2)control interface for an epoll descriptor
epoll_wait(2)wait for an I/O event on an epoll file descriptor
eventfd(2)create a file descriptor for event notification
execve(2)execute program
_exit(2)terminate the calling process
exit_group(2)exit all threads in a process
fallocate(2)manipulate file space
fanotify_init(2)create and initialize fanotify group
fanotify_mark(2)add, remove, or modify an fanotify mark on a filesystem object
fcntl(2)manipulate file descriptor
flock(2)apply or remove an advisory lock on an open file
fork(2)create a child process
fsync(2)synchronize a file's in-core state with storage device
futex(2)fast user-space locking
futimesat(2)change timestamps of a file relative to a directory file descriptor
getcpu(2)determine CPU and NUMA node on which the calling thread is running
getdents(2)get directory entries
getdomainname(2)get/set NIS domain name
getgid(2)get group identity
getgroups(2)get/set list of supplementary group IDs
gethostname(2)get/set hostname
getitimer(2)get or set value of an interval timer
get_kernel_syms(2)retrieve exported kernel and module symbols
get_mempolicy(2)retrieve NUMA memory policy for a process
getpagesize(2)get memory page size
getpeername(2)get name of connected peer socket
getpid(2)get process identification
getpriority(2)get/set program scheduling priority
getresuid(2)get real, effective and saved user/group IDs
getrlimit(2)get/set resource limits
get_robust_list(2)get/set list of robust futexes
getrusage(2)get resource usage
getsid(2)get session ID
getsockname(2)get socket name
getsockopt(2)get and set options on sockets
get_thread_area(2)get a thread-local storage (TLS) area
gettid(2)get thread identification
gettimeofday(2)get / set time
getuid(2)get user identity
getunwind(2)copy the unwind data to caller's buffer
getxattr(2)retrieve an extended attribute value
idle(2)make process 0 idle
init_module(2)load a kernel module
inotify_add_watch(2)add a watch to an initialized inotify instance
inotify_init(2)initialize an inotify instance
inotify_rm_watch(2)remove an existing watch from an inotify instance
intro(2)introduction to system calls
io_cancel(2)cancel an outstanding asynchronous I/O operation
ioctl(2)control device
ioctl_list(2)list of ioctl calls in Linux/i386 kernel
io_destroy(2)destroy an asynchronous I/O context
io_getevents(2)read asynchronous I/O events from the completion queue
ioperm(2)set port input/output permissions
iopl(2)change I/O privilege level
ioprio_set(2)get/set I/O scheduling class and priority
io_setup(2)create an asynchronous I/O context
io_submit(2)submit asynchronous I/O blocks for processing
ipc(2)System V IPC system calls
kcmp(2)compare two processes to determine if they share a kernel resource
kexec_load(2)load a new kernel for later execution
keyctl(2)manipulate the kernel's key management facility
kill(2)send signal to a process
killpg(2)send signal to a process group
link(2)make a new name for a file
listen(2)listen for connections on a socket
listxattr(2)list extended attribute names
llseek(2)reposition read/write file offset
lookup_dcookie(2)return a directory entry's path
lseek(2)reposition read/write file offset
madvise(2)give advice about use of memory
mbind(2)set memory policy for a memory range
migrate_pages(2)move all pages in a process to another set of nodes
mincore(2)determine whether pages are resident in memory
mkdir(2)create a directory
mknod(2)create a special or ordinary file
mlock(2)lock and unlock memory
mmap(2)map or unmap files or devices into memory
mmap2(2)map files or devices into memory
modify_ldt(2)get or set ldt
mount(2)mount filesystem
move_pages(2)move individual pages of a process to another node
mprotect(2)set protection on a region of memory
mq_getsetattr(2)get/set message queue attributes
mremap(2)remap a virtual memory address
msgctl(2)System V message control operations
msgget(2)get a System V message queue identifier
msgop(2)System V message queue operations
msync(2)synchronize a file with a memory map
nanosleep(2)high-resolution sleep
nfsservctl(2)syscall interface to kernel nfs daemon
nice(2)change process priority
open(2)open and possibly create a file
open_by_handle_at(2)obtain handle for a pathname and open file via a handle
outb(2)port I/O
pause(2)wait for signal
pciconfig_read(2)pci device information handling
perf_event_open(2)set up performance monitoring
perfmonctl(2)interface to IA-64 performance monitoring unit
personality(2)set the process execution domain
pipe(2)create pipe
pivot_root(2)change the root filesystem
poll(2)wait for some event on a file descriptor
posix_fadvise(2)predeclare an access pattern for file data
prctl(2)operations on a process
pread(2)read from or write to a file descriptor at a given offset
process_vm_readv(2)transfer data between process address spaces
ptrace(2)process trace
query_module(2)query the kernel for various bits pertaining to modules
quotactl(2)manipulate disk quotas
read(2)read from a file descriptor
readahead(2)initiate file readahead into page cache
readdir(2)read directory entry
readlink(2)read value of a symbolic link
readv(2)read or write data into multiple buffers
reboot(2)reboot or enable/disable Ctrl-Alt-Del
recv(2)receive a message from a socket
recvmmsg(2)receive multiple messages on a socket
remap_file_pages(2)create a nonlinear file mapping
removexattr(2)remove an extended attribute
rename(2)change the name or location of a file
request_key(2)request a key from the kernel's key management facility
restart_syscall(2)restart a system call after interruption by a stop signal
rmdir(2)delete a directory
rt_sigqueueinfo(2)queue a signal and data
s390_runtime_instr(2)enable/disable s390 CPU run-time instrumentation
sched_get_priority_max(2)get static priority range
sched_rr_get_interval(2)get the SCHED_RR interval for the named process
sched_setaffinity(2)set and get a thread's CPU affinity mask
sched_setparam(2)set and get scheduling parameters
sched_setscheduler(2)set and get scheduling policy/parameters
sched_yield(2)yield the processor
select(2)synchronous I/O multiplexing
select_tut(2)synchronous I/O multiplexing
semctl(2)System V semaphore control operations
semget(2)get a System V semaphore set identifier
semop(2)System V semaphore operations
send(2)send a message on a socket
sendfile(2)transfer data between file descriptors
sendmmsg(2)send multiple messages on a socket
seteuid(2)set effective user or group ID
setfsgid(2)set group identity used for filesystem checks
setfsuid(2)set user identity used for filesystem checks
setgid(2)set group identity
set_mempolicy(2)set default NUMA memory policy for a process and its children
setns(2)reassociate thread with a namespace
setpgid(2)set/get process group
setresuid(2)set real, effective and saved user or group ID
setreuid(2)set real and/or effective user or group ID
setsid(2)creates a session and sets the process group ID
set_thread_area(2)set a thread local storage (TLS) area
set_tid_address(2)set pointer to thread ID
setuid(2)set user identity
setup(2)setup devices and filesystems, mount root filesystem
setxattr(2)set an extended attribute value
sgetmask(2)manipulation of signal mask (obsolete)
shmctl(2)System V shared memory control
shmget(2)allocates a System V shared memory segment
shmop(2)System V shared memory operations
shutdown(2)shut down part of a full-duplex connection
sigaction(2)examine and change a signal action
sigaltstack(2)set and/or get signal stack context
signal(2)ANSI C signal handling
signalfd(2)create a file descriptor for accepting signals
sigpending(2)examine pending signals
sigprocmask(2)examine and change blocked signals
sigreturn(2)return from signal handler and cleanup stack frame
sigsuspend(2)wait for a signal
sigwaitinfo(2)synchronously wait for queued signals
socket(2)create an endpoint for communication
socketcall(2)socket system calls
socketpair(2)create a pair of connected sockets
splice(2)splice data to/from a pipe
spu_create(2)create a new spu context
spu_run(2)execute an SPU context
stat(2)get file status
statfs(2)get filesystem statistics
stime(2)set time
subpage_prot(2)define a subpage protection for an address range
swapon(2)start/stop swapping to file/device
symlink(2)make a new name for a file
sync(2)commit buffer cache to disk
sync_file_range(2)sync a file segment with disk
_syscall(2)invoking a system call without library support (OBSOLETE)
syscall(2)indirect system call
syscalls(2)Linux system calls
sysctl(2)read/write system parameters
sysfs(2)get filesystem type information
sysinfo(2)returns information on overall system statistics
syslog(2)read and/or clear kernel message ring buffer; set console_loglevel
tee(2)duplicating pipe content
time(2)get time in seconds
timer_create(2)create a POSIX per-process timer
timer_delete(2)delete a POSIX per-process timer
timerfd_create(2)timers that notify via file descriptors
timer_getoverrun(2)get overrun count for a POSIX per-process timer
timer_settime(2)arm/disarm and fetch state of POSIX per-process timer
times(2)get process times
tkill(2)send a signal to a thread
truncate(2)truncate a file to a specified length
umask(2)set file mode creation mask
umount(2)unmount filesystem
uname(2)get name and information about current kernel
unimplemented(2)unimplemented system calls
unlink(2)delete a name and possibly the file it refers to
unshare(2)disassociate parts of the process execution context
uselib(2)load shared library
ustat(2)get filesystem statistics
utime(2)change file last access and modification times
utimensat(2)change file timestamps with nanosecond precision
vfork(2)create a child process and block parent
vhangup(2)virtually hangup the current terminal
vm86(2)enter virtual 8086 mode
vmsplice(2)splice user pages into a pipe
wait(2)wait for process to change state
wait4(2)wait for process to change state, BSD style
write(2)write to a file descriptor
a64l(3)convert between long and base-64
abort(3)cause abnormal process termination
abs(3)compute the absolute value of an integer
acos(3)arc cosine function
acosh(3)inverse hyperbolic cosine function
addseverity(3)introduce new severity classes
adjtime(3)correct the time to synchronize the system clock
aio_cancel(3)cancel an outstanding asynchronous I/O request
aio_error(3)get error status of asynchronous I/O operation
aio_fsync(3)asynchronous file synchronization
aio_init(3)asynchronous I/O initialization
aio_read(3)asynchronous read
aio_return(3)get return status of asynchronous I/O operation
aio_suspend(3)wait for asynchronous I/O operation or timeout
aio_write(3)asynchronous write
alloca(3)allocate memory that is automatically freed
argz_add(3)functions to handle an argz list
asin(3)arc sine function
asinh(3)inverse hyperbolic sine function
asprintf(3)print to allocated string
assert(3)abort the program if assertion is false
assert_perror(3)test errnum and abort
atan2(3)arc tangent function of two variables
atan(3)arc tangent function
atanh(3)inverse hyperbolic tangent function
atexit(3)register a function to be called at normal process termination
atof(3)convert a string to a double
atoi(3)convert a string to an integer
backtrace(3)support for application self-debugging
basename(3)parse pathname components
bcmp(3)compare byte sequences
bcopy(3)copy byte sequence
bindresvport(3)bind a socket to a privileged IP port
bsd_signal(3)signal handling with BSD semantics
bsearch(3)binary search of a sorted array
bstring(3)byte string operations
btowc(3)convert single byte to wide character
btree(3)btree database access method
byteorder(3)convert values between host and network byte order
bzero(3)write zero-valued bytes
cabs(3)absolute value of a complex number
cacos(3)complex arc cosine
cacosh(3)complex arc hyperbolic cosine
canonicalize_file_name(3)return the canonicalized absolute pathname
carg(3)calculate the complex argument
casin(3)complex arc sine
casinh(3)complex arc sine hyperbolic
catan(3)complex arc tangents
catanh(3)complex arc tangents hyperbolic
catgets(3)get message from a message catalog
catopen(3)open/close a message catalog
cbrt(3)cube root function
ccos(3)complex cosine function
ccosh(3)complex hyperbolic cosine
ceil(3)ceiling function: smallest integral value not less than argument
cerf(3)complex error function
cexp2(3)base-2 exponent of a complex number
cexp(3)complex exponential function
cfree(3)free allocated memory
cimag(3)get imaginary part of a complex number
clearenv(3)clear the environment
clock(3)determine processor time
clock_getcpuclockid(3)obtain ID of a process CPU-time clock
clog10(3)base-10 logarithm of a complex number
clog2(3)base-2 logarithm of a complex number
clog(3)natural logarithm of a complex number
closedir(3)close a directory
cmsg(3)access ancillary data
confstr(3)get configuration dependent string variables
conj(3)calculate the complex conjugate
copysign(3)copy sign of a number
cos(3)cosine function
cosh(3)hyperbolic cosine function
cpow(3)complex power function
cproj(3)project into Riemann Sphere
CPU_SET(3)macros for manipulating CPU sets
creal(3)get real part of a complex number
crypt(3)password and data encryption
csin(3)complex sine function
csinh(3)complex hyperbolic sine
csqrt(3)complex square root
ctan(3)complex tangent function
ctanh(3)complex hyperbolic tangent
ctermid(3)get controlling terminal name
ctime(3)transform date and time to broken-down time or ASCII
daemon(3)run in the background
dbopen(3)database access methods
des_crypt(3)fast DES encryption
difftime(3)calculate time difference
dirfd(3)get directory stream file descriptor
div(3)compute quotient and remainder of an integer division
dl_iterate_phdr(3)walk through list of shared objects
dlopen(3)programming interface to dynamic linking loader
dprintf(3)print to a file descriptor
drand48(3)generate uniformly distributed pseudo-random numbers
drand48_r(3)generate uniformly distributed pseudo-random numbers reentrantly
duplocale(3)duplicate a locale object
dysize(3)get number of days for a given year
ecvt(3)convert a floating-point number to a string
ecvt_r(3)convert a floating-point number to a string
encrypt(3)encrypt 64-bit messages
end(3)end of program segments
endian(3)convert values between host and big-/little-endian byte order
envz_add(3)environment string support
erf(3)error function
erfc(3)complementary error function
err(3)formatted error messages
errno(3)number of last error
error(3)glibc error reporting functions
ether_aton(3)Ethernet address manipulation routines
euidaccess(3)check effective user's permissions for a file
exec(3)execute a file
exit(3)cause normal process termination
exp10(3)base-10 exponential function
exp2(3)base-2 exponential function
exp(3)base-e exponential function
expm1(3)exponential minus 1
fabs(3)absolute value of floating-point number
fclose(3)close a stream
fcloseall(3)close all open streams
fdim(3)positive difference
fenv(3)floating-point rounding and exception handling
ferror(3)check and reset stream status
fexecve(3)execute program specified via file descriptor
fflush(3)flush a stream
ffs(3)find first bit set in a word
fgetc(3)input of characters and strings
fgetgrent(3)get group file entry
fgetpwent(3)get password file entry
fgetwc(3)read a wide character from a FILE stream
fgetws(3)read a wide-character string from a FILE stream
finite(3)BSD floating-point classification functions
flockfile(3)lock FILE for stdio
floor(3)largest integral value not greater than argument
fma(3)floating-point multiply and add
fmax(3)determine maximum of two floating-point numbers
fmemopen(3)open memory as stream
fmin(3)determine minimum of two floating-point numbers
fmod(3)floating-point remainder function
fmtmsg(3)print formatted error messages
fnmatch(3)match filename or pathname
fopen(3)stream open functions
fopencookie(3)opening a custom stream
fpathconf(3)get configuration values for files
fpclassify(3)floating-point classification macros
fpurge(3)purge a stream
fputwc(3)write a wide character to a FILE stream
fputws(3)write a wide-character string to a FILE stream
fread(3)binary stream input/output
frexp(3)convert floating-point number to fractional and integral components
fseek(3)reposition a stream
fseeko(3)seek to or report file position
ftime(3)return date and time
ftok(3)convert a pathname and a project identifier to a System V IPC key
fts(3)traverse a file hierarchy
ftw(3)file tree walk
futimes(3)change file timestamps
fwide(3)set and determine the orientation of a FILE stream
gamma(3)(logarithm of the) gamma function
gcvt(3)convert a floating-point number to a string
getaddrinfo(3)network address and service translation
getaddrinfo_a(3)asynchronous network address and service translation
getauxval(3)retrieve a value from the auxiliary vector
getcontext(3)get or set the user context
getcwd(3)get current working directory
getdate(3)convert a date-plus-time string to broken-down time
getdirentries(3)get directory entries in a filesystem-independent format
getdtablesize(3)get descriptor table size
getenv(3)get an environment variable
getfsent(3)handle fstab entries
getgrent(3)get group file entry
getgrent_r(3)get group file entry reentrantly
getgrnam(3)get group file entry
getgrouplist(3)get list of groups to which a user belongs
gethostbyname(3)get network host entry
gethostid(3)get or set the unique identifier of the current host
getifaddrs(3)get interface addresses
getipnodebyname(3)get network hostnames and addresses
getline(3)delimited string input
getloadavg(3)get system load averages
getlogin(3)get username
getmntent(3)get filesystem descriptor file entry
getnameinfo(3)address-to-name translation in protocol-independent manner
getnetent(3)get network entry
getnetent_r(3)get network entry (reentrant)
get_nprocs_conf(3)get number of processors
getopt(3)Parse command-line options
getpass(3)get a password
getprotoent(3)get protocol entry
getprotoent_r(3)get protocol entry (reentrant)
getpt(3)open the pseudoterminal master (PTM)
getpw(3)reconstruct password line entry
getpwent(3)get password file entry
getpwent_r(3)get passwd file entry reentrantly
getpwnam(3)get password file entry
getrpcent(3)get RPC entry
getrpcent_r(3)get RPC entry (reentrant)
getrpcport(3)get RPC port number
gets(3)get a string from standard input (DEPRECATED)
getservent(3)get service entry
getservent_r(3)get service entry (reentrant)
getspnam(3)get shadow password file entry
getsubopt(3)parse suboption arguments from a string
getttyent(3)get ttys file entry
getumask(3)get file creation mask
getusershell(3)get permitted user shells
getutent(3)access utmp file entries
getutmp(3)copy utmp structure to utmpx, and vice versa
getw(3)input and output of words (ints)
getwchar(3)read a wide character from standard input
glob(3)find pathnames matching a pattern, free memory from glob()
gnu_get_libc_version(3)get glibc version and release
grantpt(3)grant access to the slave pseudoterminal
gsignal(3)software signal facility
hash(3)hash database access method
hsearch(3)hash table management
hypot(3)Euclidean distance function
iconv(3)perform character set conversion
iconv_close(3)deallocate descriptor for character set conversion
iconv_open(3)allocate descriptor for character set conversion
if_nameindex(3)get network interface names and indexes
if_nametoindex(3)mappings between network interface names and indexes
ilogb(3)get integer exponent of a floating-point value
index(3)locate character in string
inet(3)Internet address manipulation routines
inet_net_pton(3)Internet network number conversion
inet_ntop(3)convert IPv4 and IPv6 addresses from binary to text form
inet_pton(3)convert IPv4 and IPv6 addresses from text to binary form
INFINITY(3)floating-point constants
infnan(3)deal with infinite or not-a-number (NaN) result
initgroups(3)initialize the supplementary group access list
insque(3)insert/remove an item from a queue
intro(3)introduction to library functions
isalpha(3)character classification functions
isatty(3)test whether a file descriptor refers to a terminal
isgreater(3)floating-point relational tests without exception for NaN
iswalnum(3)test for alphanumeric wide character
iswalpha(3)test for alphabetic wide character
iswblank(3)test for whitespace wide character
iswcntrl(3)test for control wide character
iswctype(3)wide-character classification
iswdigit(3)test for decimal digit wide character
iswgraph(3)test for graphic wide character
iswlower(3)test for lowercase wide character
iswprint(3)test for printing wide character
iswpunct(3)test for punctuation or symbolic wide character
iswspace(3)test for whitespace wide character
iswupper(3)test for uppercase wide character
iswxdigit(3)test for hexadecimal digit wide character
j0(3)Bessel functions of the first kind
key_setsecret(3)interfaces to rpc keyserver daemon
ldexp(3)multiply floating-point number by integral power of 2
lgamma(3)log gamma function
lio_listio(3)initiate a list of I/O requests
localeconv(3)get numeric formatting information
lockf(3)apply, test or remove a POSIX lock on an open file
log10(3)base-10 logarithmic function
log1p(3)logarithm of 1 plus argument
log2(3)base-2 logarithmic function
log(3)natural logarithmic function
logb(3)get exponent of a floating-point value
login(3)write utmp and wtmp entries
longjmp(3)nonlocal jump to a saved stack context
lrint(3)round to nearest integer
lround(3)round to nearest integer, away from zero
lsearch(3)linear search of an array
lseek64(3)reposition 64-bit read/write file offset
makecontext(3)manipulate user context
makedev(3)manage a device number
mallinfo(3)obtain memory allocation information
malloc(3)allocate and free dynamic memory
malloc_get_state(3)record and restore state of malloc implementation
malloc_hook(3)malloc debugging variables
malloc_info(3)export malloc state to a stream
malloc_stats(3)print memory allocation statistics
malloc_trim(3)release free memory from the top of the heap
malloc_usable_size(3)obtain size of block of memory allocated from heap
mallopt(3)set memory allocation parameters
matherr(3)SVID math library exception handling
MB_CUR_MAX(3)maximum length of a multibyte character in the current locale
mblen(3)determine number of bytes in next multibyte character
MB_LEN_MAX(3)maximum multibyte length of a character across all locales
mbrlen(3)determine number of bytes in next multibyte character
mbrtowc(3)convert a multibyte sequence to a wide character
mbsinit(3)test for initial shift state
mbsnrtowcs(3)convert a multibyte string to a wide-character string
mbsrtowcs(3)convert a multibyte string to a wide-character string
mbstowcs(3)convert a multibyte string to a wide-character string
mbtowc(3)convert a multibyte sequence to a wide character
mcheck(3)heap consistency checking
memccpy(3)copy memory area
memchr(3)scan memory for a character
memcmp(3)compare memory areas
memcpy(3)copy memory area
memfrob(3)frobnicate (encrypt) a memory area
memmem(3)locate a substring
memmove(3)copy memory area
mempcpy(3)copy memory area
memset(3)fill memory with a constant byte
mkdtemp(3)create a unique temporary directory
mkfifo(3)make a FIFO special file (a named pipe)
mkstemp(3)create a unique temporary file
mktemp(3)make a unique temporary filename
modf(3)extract signed integral and fractional values from floating-point number
mpool(3)shared memory buffer pool
mq_close(3)close a message queue descriptor
mq_getattr(3)get/set message queue attributes
mq_notify(3)register for notification when a message is available
mq_open(3)open a message queue
mq_receive(3)receive a message from a message queue
mq_send(3)send a message to a message queue
mq_unlink(3)remove a message queue
mtrace(3)malloc tracing
nan(3)return 'Not a Number'
netlink(3)Netlink macros
newlocale(3)create, modify, and free a locale object
nextafter(3)floating-point number manipulation
nl_langinfo(3)query language and locale information
offsetof(3)offset of a structure member
on_exit(3)register a function to be called at normal process termination
opendir(3)open a directory
openpty(3)terminal utility functions
perror(3)print a system error message
popen(3)pipe stream to or from a process
posix_fallocate(3)allocate file space
posix_memalign(3)allocate aligned memory
posix_openpt(3)open a pseudoterminal device
pow10(3)base-10 power functions
pow(3)power functions
printf(3)formatted output conversion
profil(3)execution time profile
program_invocation_name(3)obtain name used to invoke calling program
psignal(3)print signal message
pthread_attr_init(3)initialize and destroy thread attributes object
pthread_attr_setaffinity_np(3)set/get CPU affinity attribute in thread attributes object
pthread_attr_setdetachstate(3)set/get detach state attribute in thread attributes object
pthread_attr_setguardsize(3)set/get guard size attribute in thread attributes object
pthread_attr_setinheritsched(3)set/get inherit-scheduler attribute in thread attributes object
pthread_attr_setschedparam(3)set/get scheduling parameter attributes in thread attributes object
pthread_attr_setschedpolicy(3)set/get scheduling policy attribute in thread attributes object
pthread_attr_setscope(3)set/get contention scope attribute in thread attributes object
pthread_attr_setstack(3)set/get stack attributes in thread attributes object
pthread_attr_setstackaddr(3)set/get stack address attribute in thread attributes object
pthread_attr_setstacksize(3)set/get stack size attribute in thread attributes object
pthread_cancel(3)send a cancellation request to a thread
pthread_cleanup_push(3)push and pop thread cancellation clean-up handlers
pthread_cleanup_push_defer_np(3)push and pop thread cancellation clean-up handlers while saving cancelability type
pthread_create(3)create a new thread
pthread_detach(3)detach a thread
pthread_equal(3)compare thread IDs
pthread_exit(3)terminate calling thread
pthread_getattr_np(3)get attributes of created thread
pthread_getcpuclockid(3)retrieve ID of a thread's CPU time clock
pthread_join(3)join with a terminated thread
pthread_kill(3)send a signal to a thread
pthread_kill_other_threads_np(3)terminate all other threads in process
pthread_self(3)obtain ID of the calling thread
pthread_setaffinity_np(3)set/get CPU affinity of a thread
pthread_setcancelstate(3)set cancelability state and type
pthread_setconcurrency(3)set/get the concurrency level
pthread_setname_np(3)set/get the name of a thread
pthread_setschedparam(3)set/get scheduling policy and parameters of a thread
pthread_setschedprio(3)set scheduling priority of a thread
pthread_sigmask(3)examine and change mask of blocked signals
pthread_sigqueue(3)queue a signal and data to a thread
pthread_testcancel(3)request delivery of any pending cancellation request
pthread_tryjoin_np(3)try to join with a terminated thread
pthread_yield(3)yield the processor
ptsname(3)get the name of the slave pseudoterminal
putenv(3)change or add an environment variable
putgrent(3)write a group database entry to a file
putpwent(3)write a password file entry
puts(3)output of characters and strings
putwchar(3)write a wide character to standard output
qecvt(3)convert a floating-point number to a string
qsort(3)sort an array
queue(3)implementations of lists, tail queues, and circular queues
raise(3)send a signal to the caller
rand(3)pseudo-random number generator
random(3)random number generator
random_r(3)reentrant random number generator
rcmd(3)routines for returning a stream to a remote command
readdir(3)read a directory
realpath(3)return the canonicalized absolute pathname
recno(3)record number database access method
re_comp(3)BSD regex functions
regex(3)POSIX regex functions
remainder(3)floating-point remainder function
remove(3)remove a file or directory
remquo(3)remainder and part of quotient
resolver(3)resolver routines
rewinddir(3)reset directory stream
rexec(3)return stream to a remote command
rint(3)round to nearest integer
round(3)round to nearest integer, away from zero
rpc(3)library routines for remote procedure calls
rpmatch(3)determine if the answer to a question is affirmative or negative
rtime(3)get time from a remote machine
rtnetlink(3)macros to manipulate rtnetlink messages
scalb(3)multiply floating-point number by integral power of radix (OBSOLETE)
scalbln(3)multiply floating-point number by integral power of radix
scandir(3)scan a directory for matching entries
scanf(3)input format conversion
sched_getcpu(3)determine CPU on which the calling thread is running
seekdir(3)set the position of the next readdir() call in the directory stream.
sem_close(3)close a named semaphore
sem_destroy(3)destroy an unnamed semaphore
sem_getvalue(3)get the value of a semaphore
sem_init(3)initialize an unnamed semaphore
sem_open(3)initialize and open a named semaphore
sem_post(3)unlock a semaphore
sem_unlink(3)remove a named semaphore
sem_wait(3)lock a semaphore
setaliasent(3)read an alias entry
setbuf(3)stream buffering operations
setenv(3)change or add an environment variable
__setfpucw(3)set FPU control word on i386 architecture (obsolete)
setjmp(3)save stack context for nonlocal goto
setlocale(3)set the current locale
setlogmask(3)set log priority mask
setnetgrent(3)handle network group entries
shm_open(3)create/open or unlink POSIX shared memory objects
siginterrupt(3)allow signals to interrupt system calls
signbit(3)test sign of a real floating-point number
significand(3)get mantissa of floating-point number
sigpause(3)atomically release blocked signals and wait for interrupt
sigqueue(3)queue a signal and data to a process
sigset(3)System V signal API
sigsetops(3)POSIX signal set operations
sigvec(3)BSD signal API
sigwait(3)wait for a signal
sin(3)sine function
sincos(3)calculate sin and cos simultaneously
sinh(3)hyperbolic sine function
sleep(3)sleep for the specified number of seconds
sockatmark(3)determine whether socket is at out-of-band mark
sqrt(3)square root function
statvfs(3)get filesystem statistics
stdarg(3)variable argument lists
stdin(3)standard I/O streams
stdio(3)standard input/output library functions
stdio_ext(3)interfaces to stdio FILE structure
stpcpy(3)copy a string returning a pointer to its end
stpncpy(3)copy a fixed-size string, returning a pointer to its end
strcasecmp(3)compare two strings ignoring case
strcat(3)concatenate two strings
strchr(3)locate character in string
strcmp(3)compare two strings
strcoll(3)compare two strings using the current locale
strcpy(3)copy a string
strdup(3)duplicate a string
strerror(3)return string describing error number
strfmon(3)convert monetary value to a string
strfry(3)randomize a string
strftime(3)format date and time
string(3)string operations
strlen(3)calculate the length of a string
strnlen(3)determine the length of a fixed-size string
strpbrk(3)search a string for any of a set of bytes
strptime(3)convert a string representation of time to a time tm structure
strsep(3)extract token from string
strsignal(3)return string describing signal
strspn(3)get length of a prefix substring
strstr(3)locate a substring
strtod(3)convert ASCII string to floating-point number
strtoimax(3)convert string to integer
strtok(3)extract tokens from strings
strtol(3)convert a string to a long integer
strtoul(3)convert a string to an unsigned long integer
strverscmp(3)compare two version strings
strxfrm(3)string transformation
swab(3)swap adjacent bytes
sysconf(3)get configuration information at run time
syslog(3)send messages to the system logger
system(3)execute a shell command
sysv_signal(3)signal handling with System V semantics
tan(3)tangent function
tanh(3)hyperbolic tangent function
tcgetpgrp(3)get and set terminal foreground process group
tcgetsid(3)get session ID
telldir(3)return current location in directory stream
tempnam(3)create a name for a temporary file
termios(3)get and set terminal attributes, line control, get and set baud rate
tgamma(3)true gamma function
timegm(3)inverses of gmtime and localtime
timeradd(3)timeval operations
tmpfile(3)create a temporary file
tmpnam(3)create a name for a temporary file
toascii(3)convert character to ASCII
toupper(3)convert uppercase or lowercase
towctrans(3)wide-character transliteration
towlower(3)convert a wide character to lowercase
towupper(3)convert a wide character to uppercase
trunc(3)round to integer, toward zero
tsearch(3)manage a binary tree
ttyname(3)return name of a terminal
ttyslot(3)find the slot of the current user's terminal in some file
tzset(3)initialize time conversion information
ualarm(3)schedule signal after given number of microseconds
ulimit(3)get and set user limits
undocumented(3)undocumented library functions
ungetwc(3)push back a wide character onto a FILE stream
unlocked_stdio(3)nonlocking stdio functions
unlockpt(3)unlock a pseudoterminal master/slave pair
updwtmp(3)append an entry to the wtmp file
uselocale(3)set/get the locale for the calling thread
usleep(3)suspend execution for microsecond intervals
wcpcpy(3)copy a wide-character string, returning a pointer to its end
wcpncpy(3)copy a fixed-size string of wide characters, returning a pointer to its end
wcrtomb(3)convert a wide character to a multibyte sequence
wcscasecmp(3)compare two wide-character strings, ignoring case
wcscat(3)concatenate two wide-character strings
wcschr(3)search a wide character in a wide-character string
wcscmp(3)compare two wide-character strings
wcscpy(3)copy a wide-character string
wcscspn(3)search a wide-character string for any of a set of wide characters
wcsdup(3)duplicate a wide-character string
wcslen(3)determine the length of a wide-character string
wcsncasecmp(3)compare two fixed-size wide-character strings, ignoring case
wcsncat(3)concatenate two wide-character strings
wcsncmp(3)compare two fixed-size wide-character strings
wcsncpy(3)copy a fixed-size string of wide characters
wcsnlen(3)determine the length of a fixed-size wide-character string
wcsnrtombs(3)convert a wide-character string to a multibyte string
wcspbrk(3)search a wide-character string for any of a set of wide characters
wcsrchr(3)search a wide character in a wide-character string
wcsrtombs(3)convert a wide-character string to a multibyte string
wcsspn(3)advance in a wide-character string, skipping any of a set of wide characters
wcsstr(3)locate a substring in a wide-character string
wcstoimax(3)convert wide-character string to integer
wcstok(3)split wide-character string into tokens
wcstombs(3)convert a wide-character string to a multibyte string
wcswidth(3)determine columns needed for a fixed-size wide-character string
wctob(3)try to represent a wide character as a single byte
wctomb(3)convert a wide character to a multibyte sequence
wctrans(3)wide-character translation mapping
wctype(3)wide-character classification
wcwidth(3)determine columns needed for a wide character
wmemchr(3)search a wide character in a wide-character array
wmemcmp(3)compare two arrays of wide-characters
wmemcpy(3)copy an array of wide-characters
wmemmove(3)copy an array of wide-characters
wmemset(3)fill an array of wide-characters with a constant wide character
wordexp(3)perform word expansion like a posix-shell
wprintf(3)formatted wide-character output conversion
xcrypt(3)RFS password encryption
xdr(3)library routines for external data representation
y0(3)Bessel functions of the second kind
cciss(4)HP Smart Array block driver
console(4)console terminal and virtual consoles
console_codes(4)Linux console escape and control sequences
console_ioctl(4)ioctls for console terminal and virtual consoles
cpuid(4)x86 CPUID access device
dsp56k(4)DSP56001 interface device
fd(4)floppy disk device
full(4)always full device
hd(4)MFM/IDE hard disk devices
hpsa(4)HP Smart Array SCSI driver
initrd(4)boot loader initialized RAM disk
intro(4)introduction to special files
lp(4)line printer devices
mem(4)system memory, kernel memory and system ports
mouse(4)serial mouse interface
msr(4)x86 CPU MSR access device
null(4)data sink
pts(4)pseudoterminal master and slave
ram(4)ram disk device
random(4)kernel random number source devices
rtc(4)real-time clock
sd(4)driver for SCSI disk drives
sk98lin(4)Marvell/SysKonnect Gigabit Ethernet driver v6.21
st(4)SCSI tape device
tty(4)controlling terminal
tty_ioctl(4)ioctls for terminals and serial lines
ttyS(4)serial terminal lines
vcs(4)virtual console memory
wavelan(4)AT&T GIS WaveLAN ISA device driver
acct(5)process accounting file
charmap(5)character symbols to define character encodings
core(5)core dump file
dir_colors(5)configuration file for dircolors(1)
elf(5)format of Executable and Linking Format (ELF) files
filesystems(5)Linux filesystem types: minix, ext, ext2, ext3, ext4, Reiserfs, XFS, JFS, xia, msdos, umsdos, vfat, ntfs, proc, nfs, iso9660, hpfs, sysv, smb, ncpfs
ftpusers(5)list of users that may not log in via the FTP daemon
gai.conf(5)getaddrinfo(3) configuration file
group(5)user group file
host.conf(5)resolver configuration file
hosts(5)static table lookup for hostnames
hosts.equiv(5)list of hosts and users that are granted "trusted" r command access to your system
intro(5)introduction to file formats
issue(5)prelogin message and identification file
locale(5)describes a locale definition file
motd(5)message of the day
networks(5)network name information
nologin(5)prevent unprivileged users from logging into the system
nscd.conf(5)name service cache daemon configuration file
nss(5)Name Service Switch configuration file
nsswitch.conf(5)Name Service Switch configuration file
passwd(5)password file
proc(5)process information pseudo-filesystem
protocols(5)protocols definition file
resolv.conf(5)resolver configuration file
rpc(5)RPC program number data base
securetty(5)file which lists terminals from which root can log in
services(5)Internet network services list
shells(5)pathnames of valid login shells
slabinfo(5)kernel slab allocator statistics
termcap(5)terminal capability database
ttytype(5)terminal device to default terminal type mapping
tzfile(5)timezone information
utmp(5)login records
intro(6)introduction to games
aio(7)POSIX asynchronous I/O overview
armscii-8(7)Armenian character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
arp(7)Linux ARP kernel module.
ascii(7)ASCII character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
boot(7)general description of boot sequence
bootparam(7)introduction to boot time parameters of the Linux kernel
capabilities(7)overview of Linux capabilities
charsets(7)programmer's view of character sets and internationalization
complex(7)basics of complex mathematics
cp1251(7)CP 1251 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
cpuset(7)confine processes to processor and memory node subsets
credentials(7)process identifiers
ddp(7)Linux AppleTalk protocol implementation
environ(7)user environment
epoll(7)I/O event notification facility
fanotify(7)monitoring filesystem events
feature_test_macros(7)feature test macros
fifo(7)first-in first-out special file, named pipe
futex(7)fast user-space locking
glob(7)globbing pathnames
hier(7)description of the filesystem hierarchy
hostname(7)hostname resolution description
icmp(7)Linux IPv4 ICMP kernel module.
inotify(7)monitoring filesystem events
intro(7)introduction to overview, conventions, and miscellany section
ip(7)Linux IPv4 protocol implementation
ipv6(7)Linux IPv6 protocol implementation
iso_8859-10(7)ISO 8859-10 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso_8859-11(7)ISO 8859-11 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso_8859-13(7)ISO 8859-13 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso_8859-14(7)ISO 8859-14 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso_8859-15(7)ISO 8859-15 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso_8859-16(7)ISO 8859-16 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso_8859-1(7)ISO 8859-1 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso_8859-2(7)ISO 8859-2 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso_8859-3(7)ISO 8859-3 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso_8859-4(7)ISO 8859-4 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso_8859-5(7)ISO 8859-5 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso_8859-6(7)ISO 8859-6 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso_8859-7(7)ISO 8859-7 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso_8859-8(7)ISO 8859-8 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
iso_8859-9(7)ISO 8859-9 character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
koi8-r(7)Russian character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
koi8-u(7)Ukrainian character set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal
libc(7)overview of standard C libraries on Linux
locale(7)description of multilanguage support
mailaddr(7)mail addressing description
man(7)macros to format man pages
man-pages(7)conventions for writing Linux man pages
math_error(7)detecting errors from mathematical functions
mdoc(7)quick reference guide for the -mdoc macro package
mdoc.samples(7)tutorial sampler for writing BSD manuals with -mdoc
mq_overview(7)overview of POSIX message queues
netdevice(7)low-level access to Linux network devices
netlink(7)communication between kernel and user space (AF_NETLINK)
numa(7)overview of Non-Uniform Memory Architecture
operator(7)C operator precedence and order of evaluation
packet(7)packet interface on device level
path_resolution(7)how a pathname is resolved to a file
pipe(7)overview of pipes and FIFOs
posixoptions(7)optional parts of the POSIX standard
pthreads(7)POSIX threads
pty(7)pseudoterminal interfaces
raw(7)Linux IPv4 raw sockets
regex(7)POSIX.2 regular expressions
rtld-audit(7)auditing API for the dynamic linker
rtnetlink(7)Linux IPv4 routing socket
sched(7)overview of scheduling APIs
sem_overview(7)overview of POSIX semaphores
shm_overview(7)overview of POSIX shared memory
sigevent(7)structure for notification from asynchronous routines
signal(7)overview of signals
socket(7)Linux socket interface
spufs(7)SPU filesystem
standards(7)C and UNIX Standards
suffixes(7)list of file suffixes
svipc(7)System V interprocess communication mechanisms
symlink(7)symbolic link handling
tcp(7)TCP protocol
termio(7)System V terminal driver interface
time(7)overview of time and timers
udp(7)User Datagram Protocol for IPv4
udplite(7)Lightweight User Datagram Protocol
unicode(7)universal character set
units(7)decimal and binary prefixes
unix(7)sockets for local interprocess communication
uri(7)uniform resource identifier (URI), including a URL or URN
utf-8(7)an ASCII compatible multibyte Unicode encoding
vdso(7)overview of the virtual ELF dynamic shared object
x25(7)ITU-T X.25 / ISO-8208 protocol interface.
intro(8)introduction to administration and privileged commands
ldconfig(8)configure dynamic linker run-time bindings linker/loader
nscd(8)name service cache daemon
sln(8)create symbolic links
tzselect(8)select a timezone
zdump(8)timezone dumper
zic(8)timezone compiler