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GETENT

User Commands (1)
2013-03-15
 

NAME

getent - get entries from Name Service Switch libraries  

SYNOPSIS

getent database [key ...]  

DESCRIPTION

The getent command displays entries from databases supported by the Name Service Switch libraries, which are configured in /etc/nsswitch.conf. If one or more key arguments are provided, then only the entries that match the supplied keys will be displayed. Otherwise, if no key is provided, all entries will be displayed (unless the database does not support enumeration).

The database may be any of those supported by the GNU C Library, listed below:

ahosts
When no key is provided, use sethostent(3), gethostent(3), and endhostent(3) to enumerate the hosts database. This is identical to using hosts. When one or more key arguments are provided, pass each key in succession to getaddrinfo(3) with the address family AF_UNSPEC, enumerating each socket address structure returned.
ahostsv4
Same as ahosts, but use the address family AF_INET.
ahostsv6
Same as ahosts, but use the address family AF_INET6. The call to getaddrinfo(3) in this case includes the AI_V4MAPPED flag.
aliases
When no key is provided, use setaliasent(3), getaliasent(3), and endaliasent(3) to enumerate the aliases database. When one or more key arguments are provided, pass each key in succession to getaliasbyname(3) and display the result.
ethers
When one or more key arguments are provided, pass each key in succession to ether_aton(3) and ether_hostton(3) until a result is obtained, and display the result. Enumeration is not supported on ethers, so a key must be provided.
group
When no key is provided, use setgrent(3), getgrent(3), and endgrent(3) to enumerate the group database. When one or more key arguments are provided, pass each numeric key to getgrgid(3) and each nonnumeric key to getgrnam(3) and display the result.
gshadow
When no key is provided, use setsgent(3), getsgent(3), and endsgent(3) to enumerate the gshadow database. When one or more key arguments are provided, pass each key in succession to getsgnam(3) and display the result.
hosts
When no key is provided, use sethostent(3), gethostent(3), and endhostent(3) to enumerate the hosts database. When one or more key arguments are provided, pass each key to gethostbyaddr(3) or gethostbyname2(3), depending on whether a call to inet_pton(3) indicates that the key is an IPv6 or IPv4 address or not, and display the result.
initgroups
When one or more key arguments are provided, pass each key in succession to getgrouplist(3) and display the result. Enumeration is not supported on initgroups, so a key must be provided.
netgroup
When one key is provided, pass the key to setnetgrent(3) and, using getnetgrent(3) display the resulting string triple (hostname, username, domainname). Alternatively, three keys may be provided, which are interpreted as the hostname, username and domainname to match to a netgroup name via innetgr(3). Enumeration is not supported on netgroup, so either one or three keys must be provided.
networks
When no key is provided, use setnetent(3), getnetent(3), and endnetent(3) to enumerate the networks database. When one or more key arguments are provided, pass each numeric key to getnetbyaddr(3) and each nonnumeric key to getnetbyname(3) and display the result.
passwd
When no key is provided, use setpwent(3), getpwent(3), and endpwent(3) to enumerate the passwd database. When one or more key arguments are provided, pass each numeric key to getpwuid(3) and each nonnumeric key to getpwnam(3) and display the result.
protocols
When no key is provided, use setprotoent(3), getprotoent(3), and endprotoent(3) to enumerate the protocols database. When one or more key arguments are provided, pass each numeric key to getprotobynumber(3) and each nonnumeric key to getprotobyname(3) and display the result.
rpc
When no key is provided, use setrpcent(3), getrpcent(3), and endrpcent(3) to enumerate the rpc database. When one or more key arguments are provided, pass each numeric key to getrpcbynumber(3) and each nonnumeric key to getrpcbyname(3) and display the result.
services
When no key is provided, use setservent(3), getservent(3), and endservent(3) to enumerate the services database. When one or more key arguments are provided, pass each numeric key to getservbynumber(3) and each nonnumeric key to getservbyname(3) and display the result.
shadow
When no key is provided, use setspent(3), getspent(3), and endspent(3) to enumerate the shadow database. When one or more key arguments are provided, pass each key in succession to getspnam(3) and display the result.
 

EXIT STATUS

One of the following exit values can be returned by getent:
0
Command completed successfully.
1
Missing arguments, or database unknown.
2
One or more supplied key could not be found in the database.
3
Enumeration not supported on this database.
 

SEE ALSO

nsswitch.conf(5)  

COLOPHON

This page is part of release 3.60 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, and information about reporting bugs, can be found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EXIT STATUS
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

This document was created by man2html, using the manual pages.
Time: 06:03:27 GMT, February 20, 2014