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FPCLASSIFY

Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
2013-08-06
 

NAME

fpclassify, isfinite, isnormal, isnan, isinf - floating-point classification macros  

SYNOPSIS

#include <math.h>

int fpclassify(x);

int isfinite(x);

int isnormal(x);

int isnan(x);

int isinf(x);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

fpclassify(), isfinite(), isnormal():

_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99
isnan():
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99
isinf():
_BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L;
or cc -std=c99
 

DESCRIPTION

Floating point numbers can have special values, such as infinite or NaN. With the macro fpclassify(x) you can find out what type x is. The macro takes any floating-point expression as argument. The result is one of the following values:
FP_NAN
x is "Not a Number".
FP_INFINITE
x is either positive infinity or negative infinity.
FP_ZERO
x is zero.
FP_SUBNORMAL
x is too small to be represented in normalized format.
FP_NORMAL
if nothing of the above is correct then it must be a normal floating-point number.

The other macros provide a short answer to some standard questions.

isfinite(x)
returns a nonzero value if
(fpclassify(x) != FP_NAN && fpclassify(x) != FP_INFINITE)
isnormal(x)
returns a nonzero value if (fpclassify(x) == FP_NORMAL)
isnan(x)
returns a nonzero value if (fpclassify(x) == FP_NAN)
isinf(x)
returns 1 if x is positive infinity, and -1 if x is negative infinity.
 

ATTRIBUTES

 

Multithreading (see pthreads(7))

The fpclassify(), isfinite(), isnormal(), isnan(), and isinf() macros are thread-safe.  

CONFORMING TO

C99, POSIX.1.

For isinf(), the standards merely say that the return value is nonzero if and only if the argument has an infinite value.  

NOTES

In glibc 2.01 and earlier, isinf() returns a nonzero value (actually: 1) if x is positive infinity or negative infinity. (This is all that C99 requires.)  

SEE ALSO

finite(3), INFINITY(3), isgreater(3), signbit(3)  

COLOPHON

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Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ATTRIBUTES
Multithreading (see pthreads(7))
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
SEE ALSO
COLOPHON

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Time: 21:43:00 GMT, July 12, 2014